The article reviews films on the cult of Todor Zhivkov (1911 – 1998). It was first published under the name of Stillborn Myth in Cinema Art Magazine, 1990, and was later included in Tsvetan S. Todorov’s book The Moving Shadows, 1998.
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Articles and research were recently published on communist censure and „locked films“, yet next to none of them ever mentioned films on the cult.
The myth for the exceptional role of Todor Zhivkov in Bulgarian revolutionary movement is over hard-driven, over-paid by the state, of no credibility whatsoever.
It is only in these films, though, where the salvation of Bulgarian Jews by Todor Zhivkov is documented: а history of instruction yet sadness.
The first attempt to show Todor Zhivkov on screen was in the documentary „Chavdartsi“ (1964) by Nyuma Belogorski, but this film was not shown en masse.
Explanatory notes have been added for the English translation.
Tsvetan S. TODOROV
Todor Zhivkov is the longest-serving leader of the Party and the State to have last longest in socialist Bulgaria.